Machu Picchu is located in the Eastern Cordillera of southern Peru, on a 7,970-feet mountain ridge. It is located in the Cusco Region, Province of Urubamba, in Machupicchu District, 50 miles northwest of Cuzco. The Urubamba River flows through this valley cutting towards the Cordillera creating a canyon with a tropical mountain climate.

Wherever you come from is probably much lower than Cusco. In order to minimize the unpleasant effects of altitude, it is recommended to take the train from Cusco to Aguas Calientes (the town nearest to Machu Picchu at 6,700 ft) and spend a night or two before exploring Machu Picchu. Avoiding alcohol and exertion, and drinking a lot of water and tea will help your body get acclimated.

The other way to get from Cusco to Machu Picchu, for those who enjoy hiking, is taking a multi-day tour through diverse alternative trails, with different difficulty levels.

Machu Picchu was declared a Peruvian Historic Sanctuary in 1981 and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

Eduardo Reyes

Thanks to Mediamerse for the 360° video.

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